A Commented Study Bible With Cross-References - Book 65 - Jude

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Doubtless Jude was referring to some accepted story or tradition, probably based on Deuteronomy For a similar reference to tradition compare 2 Timothy ; Acts Michael Angels are described in scripture as forming a society with different orders and dignities. This conception is developed in the books written during and after the exile, especially Daniel and Zechariah.

Jude - But Michael the archangel, - Verse-by-Verse Commentary

Michael Who is like God? He is adored as a saint in the Romish Church. For legends, see Mrs. Michael remembered the high estate from which he fell, and left his sentence to God. Copyright Statement The text of this work is public domain. Bibliography Vincent, Marvin R. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.

Yet Michael — It does not appear whether St. Jude learned this by any revelation or from ancient tradition. It suffices, that these things were not only true, but acknowledged as such by them to whom he wrote. The archangel — This word occurs but once more in the sacred writings, 1 Thessalonians So that whether there be one archangel only, or more, it is not possible for us to determine.

Concerning the body of Moses — Possibly the devil would have discovered the place where it was buried, which God for wise reasons had concealed. Durst not bring even against him a railing accusation — Though so far beneath him in every respect. But simply said, so great was his modesty!

The Lord rebuke thee - I leave thee to the Judge of all. Copyright Statement These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Bibliography Wesley, John. As there are no accounts in the books of the Old Testament to which the allusions in this verse can be supposed to relate, it is thought by many that the writer refers in them to traditional accounts which came down to his times; or else to writings which then existed, but have since been lost. In respect to the body of Moses, see Deuteronomy Bibliography Abbott, John S. Yet Michael the archangel. Peter gives this argument shorter, and states generally, that angels, far more excellent than men, dare not bring forward a railing judgment.

But as this history is thought to have been taken from an apocryphal book, it has hence happened that less weight has been attached to this Epistle. But since the Jews at that time had many things from the traditions of the fathers, I see nothing unreasonable in saying that Jude referred to what had already been handed down for many ages. I know indeed that many puerilities had obtained the name of tradition, as at this day the Papists relate as traditions many of the silly dotages of the monks; but this is no reason why they should not have had some historical facts not committed to writing.

It is beyond controversy that Moses was buried by the Lord, that is, that his grave was concealed according to the known purpose of God. And the reason for concealing his grave is evident to all, that is, that the Jews might not bring forth his body to promote superstition.

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What wonder then is it, when the body of the prophet was hidden by God, Satan should attempt to make it known; and that angels, who are ever ready to serve God, should on the other hand resist him? Therefore this Epistle ought not to be suspected on account of this testimony, though it is not found in Scripture. That Michael is introduced alone as disputing against Satan is not new.

We know that myriads of angels are ever ready to render service to God; but he chooses this or that to do his business as he pleases. What Jude relates as having been said by Michael, is found also in the book of Zechariah,. And it is a comparison, as they say, between the greater and the less. Michael dared not to speak more severely against Satan though a reprobate and condemned than to deliver him to God to be restrained; but those men hesitated not to load with extreme reproaches the powers which God had adorned with peculiar honors.

Bibliography Calvin, John. About the body of Moses ] As desirous thereby to set up himself in the hearts of the living. If Satan can get that, he is safe. Bibliography Trapp, John. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Contention in the world of spirits. In such passages as these the curtain is for a moment lifted up, and we behold war—"war in heaven. The area of the conflict is far-extended.

Biblical Cross references

The din of distant battle-fields reaches the spiritual ear. Shadowy forms are seen in deadly fight beyond any regions with which our present thoughts are familiar. The victory, indeed, is not doubtful; but the fight is very real, and it is a fight in which we ourselves are closely concerned. Contention—this is a condition of our present state upon earth. We cannot be on Christ's side without contending. We are called, indeed, to peace, but it is equally true that we are called to war.

One thing in this passage comes out clear to our apprehension: that the disposal of the body of Moses is viewed in the spiritual world as a matter of some considerable moment. The angels take an interest in the burial of the great lawgiver. The tomb of Moses, if it had been known, would probably have had a significance in subsequent history very different from the burying-place of Machpelah or the sepulchres of the kings of Judah.

There would, to say the least, have been a great risk of idolatrous veneration connected with the top of Mount Pisgah. That place might have become the Mecca of the Jewish world; for in the human mind there is a natural love of pilgrimages and of relics.


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Michael durst not bring against the devil a railing accusation. What is the meaning of this? It could not have been fear in the sense of cowardice; we cannot suppose that fear of that kind can have exerted influence over an archangel. No; it was the fear of taking on himself what properly belonged to God; it was the fear of doing that which was indecorous; it was the resolve that he would not lose his self-command. References: Jude 9. Bibliography Nicoll, William R. Jude Michael the archangel, — St. Peter, 2 Ephesians in reproof of the presumptuous and self-willed, who speak evil of dignities, says, that angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord; but here St.

Jude has given us the history to which this belongs. See on Jude What the ground of the controversy between the devil and Michael was, may, in the opinion of Archbishop Tillotson and others, be explained by Deuteronomy where it is said that God took particular care concerning the burying of Moses in a certain valley; and it is added, But no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day. Had the devil been able to discover to the Jews the place where Moses was interred, they would afterwards most probably have paid an idolatrous honour to his remains; and it would have gratified his malice to have made him an occasion of idolatry after his death, who had been so great an enemy to it during his life.

To prevent this, Michael buried his body secretly; and this was the thing about which he contended with the devil.

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Some have supposed that the contention was not about the body of Moses after his death, but when it was exposed upon the water. Instead of durst not bring against him, the Greek might be rendered, did not allow himself to bring against him. There is no reason to think that Michael was afraid of the devil, when he himself was so much superior in power and dignity.

As he would not offend God, in doing a thing so much beneath the dignity and perfection of his nature; so he could not but think that the devil would be too hard for him at railing; a thing, to which as the angels have no disposition, so I believe they have no talent, no faculty at it; the cool consideration whereof should make all men, especially those who call themselves divines, and more particularly in controversies about religion, ashamed and afraid of this manner of disputing.

Bibliography Coke, Thomas.


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Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible.